The aim of this magazine is to connect the communities of Hindu Kush, Himalaya, Karakorum and Pamir by providing them a common accessible platform for production and dissemination of knowledge.
Oral history of Kalam: The fight between Wali of Swat and the people of Kalam
Oral history of Kalam: Part II
Interviewee: Malik Namroz Khan, Yajgal, Kalam
Translation: Muhammad Zaman Sagar
The Khan of Jare had occupied Gabral. Some other Khans occupied Laikot, Pishmal and Asret. After occupying that places the Khans went to Gabral. When they were going back to their homes, they saw seven buffaloes with their calves near Asret. One Khan ordered his servants that he should bring those buffaloes to him. “I want to take them with me to my home”. He said. Someone said to him that that would be his (Khans’) insult, first he should go to his home and then from there he could send his servant to bring them.
The Gujars asked Torwalis to help them to stop Khans of Swat from this cruelty. The Torwalis advised them that they should also talk to Kalamis. “If they want to help you , then we will also help you”. The Torwalis said to the Gujjars.
Khan went to his home and from there he sent his servants to bring those buffaloes. The people of Swat Kohistan (Torwalis, Gawris and Gujars) beat the servants and then they snatched their horses and sent them back to Khan. After that day the people got rid of the slavery of the Khans, too. The Khans accepted the government of Wali Swat because of their defeat from the people of Swat Kohistan. The Khan of Jare and some other people accepted the government and again started cruelty with the people.
Because of this cruelty they again succeeded to bring government here. The government official spent one season here. They gave jobs to the people of Kalam. In this season the government also collected the Ushar (tithe) on crops and fruits. They collected the Ushar. But they left it here and went. When they went down after some time they attacked again, and a war started between the army of king of Swat and Kalamis.
Government army forces came to Jail Banr and from there they raided on Kalam Kas. War fought for three days. Ladies went back to Shanpat and Kas ablaze in fire. Many people killed in this war. Some injured elders did not allow people to take the dead bodies or injured people, because this way the other people would lose their courage and will be defeated. They keep these dead bodies there. After that time the fight went on for some time and finally people carried the dead bodies to their homes.
From other side some people broke the bridge and just one pole was left. The people were abusing each other but Malik Jamroz Khan told them that on this side my dead bodies were lying, and the people were breaking the bridge. They broke the Laam Daar Bridge and just one pole was left. They also broke the upper side of the bridge and just one pole was left. They also broke the bridge of Khukunel and Paleer and left one pole each. They broke all the bridges and then they went to Kas and the Kas came under the fire. Zaid Akhun Zada was also hit by a bullet. The Kalamis chased the army and they ran away from there and crossed the Gahil Bridge.
Thus the government army back unsuccessful as they could not defeat Kalamis. After that the government officials went from Kalam and they made a trick and chose some people on monthly stipend. The people were calling them Muajab Khor (stipend eaters) as they were getting salaries. The government was paying two hundred to some influential and one hundred to some medial persons and sixty rupees to others.
Malik Hazrat Wali again brought the government. The government gave him a telephone, too. Near the Kalam Hotel they collected the stones and made a fortress. After completing fortress, they went from here. Then they came to the Tehsil area and the government established its offices here. After that Wali of Swat ruled on Kalam for twenty-five years. He was paying salaries to the Maliks of Kalam. When the government of Wali of Swat went, then Afzal Khan complained that as the Khans of Swat had no stipend how the Kalamis were taking it. The stipend of Kalamis was thus removed after the statement of Afzal Khan.